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Water Heaters and Boilers

Have you ever longed for a warm shower or bath on a freezing winter day, only to find there's no hot water? And you undoubtedly know what it's like to crave a cold glass of water for quenching your thirst, and to be burned instead by exceedingly hot water.
There are two separate lines for our domestic water system, one for cold and the other for hot water. Supply lines bring water to your appliances and fixtures. What makes this possible? How is your cold and hot water kept separate?

You Cold Water Supply

Water entering from the main supply is already cold and ready for your use. The city water system runs a high-pressure pipe into your home that carries water to your supply lines. These lines carry running water to all of your fixtures and appliances. Toilets use a considerable amount of cold water, for example. Filter or water softener appliances may be included in the water supply system, because much of the cold water is intended for personal consumption. You can install water filters beneath your sinks, so that you can be fully confident that your drinking water system remains pure.

Water Heating Systems

Your water heater turns warms up the cold water. The heater consists of a heavy steel tank, with a capacity to hold between 40 and 60 gallons of water, which will then be heated by gas or electricity. A pipe that carries cold water from the main water supply enters the tank. The water is gradually heated by the electric heating elements located in the tank. Hot water heaters and boilers used in a home should be set between 120 and 140 degrees F, or 49 to 60 degrees C. Water temperature can be adjusted with the thermostat. Heated water flows from the heater to all the fixtures and appliances that need it, by way of one or more pipes. There is a drain valve at the base of the water heater which should be used to empty the tank periodically or to eradicate sediment. It is recommended that you follow this procedure once or twice a year, as a helpful preventive maintenance measure.

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